Histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA induces ERalpha degradation in breast cancer MCF-7 cells by CHIP-mediated ubiquitin pathway and inhibits survival signaling.. Xin Yi; Wei Wei; Sheng-Yu Wang; Zhi-Yan Du; Yuan-Ji Xu; Xiao-Dan Yu (2008) Biochemical pharmacology display abstract
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) plays an important role in the development and progression of breast cancer, and recent studies showed that ERalpha expression is associated with resistance to hormonal therapy. Therefore, a number of studies have explored ways to deplete ERalpha from breast cancer cells as a new therapy especially for hormone-refractory breast cancer. We reported here that suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, effectively depletes ERalpha in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. However, the intrinsic mechanisms by which SAHA decreases ERalpha levels are not clear. Our present data demonstrated that both inhibition of ERalpha mRNA level and promotion of ERalpha degradation by the proteasome contribute to SAHA-induced ERalpha depletion, indicating that SAHA may exert its effects through transcriptional and posttranslational mechanisms. Furthermore, the decrease of ERalpha protein level in MCF-7 cells after SAHA treatment is mainly the result of its rapid degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway rather than transcriptional inhibition. In addition, we showed that inactivation of the heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) is involved in SAHA-induced ERalpha degradation, and ubiquitin ligase CHIP (C-terminal Hsc70 interacting protein) enhances SAHA-induced ERalpha degradation. SAHA-induced ERalpha depletion is paralleled with reduction of transcriptional activity of ERalpha and SAHA is able to effectively inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Taken together, our results revealed a mechanism for SAHA-induced ERalpha degradation and indicated that SAHA is a suitable pharmacological agent for depletion of ERalpha and a potential choice for breast cancer expressing high ERalpha.